Humana Reports First Quarter Results
LOUISVILLE, Ky., May 2 /PRNewswire/ -- Humana Inc. (NYSE: HUM) today reported $.16 earnings per diluted share for the first quarter ended March 31, 2001. Humana reported $.13 earnings per diluted share for the first quarter of 2000.
Net income for the first quarter of 2001 was $27 million compared to net income of $21 million for the same period in the prior year, a 29 percent increase. Income before income taxes for the quarter was up 55 percent to $42 million versus $27 million a year ago.
"The actions we've taken to eliminate non-core business while applying disciplined operational focus to our core products and markets continue to produce favorable results," said Michael B. McCallister, Humana's president and chief executive officer. "This successful strategy is providing the platform we need to resume growing our top line -- creating innovative, consumer-centric products and services powered by leading-edge information technology."
During the first quarter of 2001, Humana implemented a management realignment to emphasize its consumer-centric focus. This realignment has been reflected in the company's redefined business segments: Commercial and Government. The Commercial segment includes three lines of business: fully insured medical, ASO and specialty. The Government segment also includes three lines of business: Medicare+Choice, Medicaid and TRICARE.
Revenue and Membership
Revenue in the first quarter was $2.4 billion versus $2.6 billion in the first quarter of 2000. Humana exited numerous non-core markets and products in the latter three quarters of 2000, accounting for the decline in first quarter revenues. Those markets and products were deemed non-core because they either lacked potential for profitability or did not fit into the company's strategic focus, or both.
Premium revenues for the Commercial segment totaled $1.3 billion compared to $1.4 billion for the same period in 2000. Fully insured medical business within the segment averaged premium yields of 14.1 percent for the first quarter of 2001 compared to 11.4 percent for the first quarter of 2000. Membership for the fully insured medical line declined by 6 percent to 2,387,900 at March 31, 2001 from 2,545,800 at December 31, 2000, as the company continued to focus on pricing discipline and exited certain unprofitable markets.
Government segment premium revenues totaled $1.1 billion in the first quarter of 2001 versus $1.2 billion for the prior year's quarter. The company's Medicare+Choice line averaged premium yields of 7.0 percent during the first quarter versus 6.2 percent in the prior year's quarter. Medicare+Choice membership at March 31, 2001 was 428,100 versus 494,200 at December 31, 2000, a decline of 66,100 members, primarily attributable to the previously announced exits from 45 counties on January 1, 2001.
Medical and Administrative Expenses and Taxes
The company's medical expense ratio for the first quarter was 83.2 percent, versus a ratio of 85.0 percent for the same period in 2000 and a ratio of 83.7 percent in the fourth quarter of 2000.
Medical cost trends for the commercial fully insured medical line of business were in the 9 to 10 percent range for the first quarter of 2001, down from 10 to 11 percent in the first quarter of 2000.
Medicare+Choice medical cost trends for the first quarter 2001 ranged from 4 to 5 percent, down significantly from 6 to 7 percent for the first quarter of 2000. The exit from the 45 Medicare+Choice counties combined with the effect of significant benefit reductions effective January 1, 2001, helped drive the lower cost trends.
Planned spending on infrastructure and technology initiatives combined with a lower ratio of members to employees resulted in a sequential increase of 10 basis points in the company's administrative expense ratio to 14.5 percent (excluding depreciation and amortization). This compares to 14.4 percent in the fourth quarter of 2000 and a ratio of 13.5 percent from the year-ago quarter.
"While our administrative expense ratio was up slightly, as expected, it was more than offset by the sequential and year-over-year improvement in our medical expense ratio," McCallister said. "In the long run, our infrastructure and technology spending is anticipated to favorably impact both medical and administrative expenses."
The company's effective tax rate of 36 percent for the first quarter of 2001 compares to 21 percent for each of the 2000 quarters. The lower effective tax rate for 2000 related to the disposition of the company's workers' compensation business.
Excluding the timing of the receipt of the Medicare premium payment from HCFA, cash flows used in operations totaled $75 million in the first quarter of 2001. Cash flows during the quarter include the negative impact of $55 million in run-off claims for terminated members and a $51 million reduction in claims inventories as days-in-claims inventories dropped sequentially by two days.
Summary of operating results for the three months ended March 31:
2001 2000 Revenues $ 2,448,000,000 $ 2,642,000,000 Income before income taxes $42,000,000 $27,000,000 Net income $27,000,000 $21,000,000 Basic earnings per common share $.16 $.13 Diluted earnings per common share $.16 $.13 Shares used in basic earnings per common share computation 164,055,000 167,752,000 Shares used in diluted earnings per common share computation 167,373,000 167,852,000
Humana will host a conference call, as well as a virtual slide presentation at 9:00 a.m. EDT today to discuss its financial results for the quarter and updated earnings guidance for 2001.
All parties interested in the audio only portion of the conference call are invited to dial 888-625-7430. No password is required. The company suggests participants dial in approximately ten minutes in advance of the call.
A live virtual presentation (audio with slides) will be available and may be accessed via Humana's Investor Relations page at www.humana.com . The company suggests web participants sign on approximately 15 minutes in advance of the call. The company also suggests web participants visit the site well in advance of the call to run a system test and to download any free software needed to view the presentation.
For those unable to participate in the live event, the virtual presentation archive will be available in the Presentations section of the Investor Relations page at www.humana.com , approximately two hours following the live webcast. An audio recording of the conference call will be available in the Audio Archives located on the Investor Relations page at www.humana.com approximately two hours after the live call.
This news release contains forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements made in this news release are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements may be significantly impacted by certain risks and uncertainties described in Humana's Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2000, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
Humana Inc., headquartered in Louisville, Kentucky, is one of the nation's largest publicly traded health services companies, with approximately 4.9 million medical members located primarily in 15 states and Puerto Rico. Humana offers coordinated health benefits coverage through a variety of plans
health maintenance organizations, preferred provider organizations and administrative service products -- to employer groups and government-sponsored plans.
More information regarding Humana is available via the Internet at www.humana.com, including on-line:
Copies of annual report to shareholders, Form 10-K, Form 10-Qs, and proxy statement;
Copy of most recent investor presentation;
Copies of quarterly earnings press releases;
Audio archive of the most recent earnings release conference call;
Calendar of events (includes upcoming earnings release date, related conference call access number, and planned participation in investor conferences).
Humana Inc. Dollars in millions, except per share results Three months ended March 31, Summarized Operating Results 2001 2000 Revenues: Premiums $2,413 $2,611 Investment income 29 29 Other income 3 2 Total revenues 2,445 2,642 Operating expenses: Medical 2,007 2,220 Selling, general and administrative 350 353 Depreciation 23 19 Goodwill amortization 14 13 Other intangible amortization 2 2 Total operating expenses 2,396 2,607 Income from operations 49 35 Interest expense 7 8 Income before income taxes 42 27 Provision for income taxes 15 6 Net income $27 $21 Basic earnings per common share $0.16 $0.13 Diluted earnings per common share $0.16 $0.13 Shares used in basic earnings per common share computation (000) 164,055 167,752 Shares used in diluted earnings per common share computation (000) 167,373 167,852 Medical expense ratio 83.2% 85.0% Administrative expense ratio, excluding depreciation and amortization 14.5% 13.5%
Commercial: Fully insured $1,236 $1,343 Specialty 75 73 Medicare supplement -- 15 Total Commercial 1,311 1,431 Government: Medicare+Choice 734 803 Medicaid 124 171 TRICARE 244 206 Total Government 1,102 1,180 Total premiums $2,413 $2,611
Dollars in millions
March 31, December 31, Financial Position 2001 2000 Assets: Cash and investments $2,194 $2,307 Property and equipment, net 439 435 Other assets 1,444 1,425 Total assets $4,077 $4,167 Liabilities and equity: Medical and other expenses payable $1,103 $1,181 Other liabilities 989 1,026 Debt 590 600 Equity 1,395 1,360 Total liabilities and equity $4,077 $4,167 Three months ended March 31, Operating Cash Flows 2001 2000 Net income $27 $21 Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash used in operating activities: Depreciation and amortization 39 34 Provision for deferred income taxes 16 5 Changes in operating assets and liabilities excluding effects of acquisitions and divestitures: Premiums receivable (48) (48) Other assets 3 (8) Medical and other expenses payable (78) (26) Workers' compensation run-out claims reduction -- (30) Other liabilities (27) (71) Unearned premium revenues 1 53 Other (2) -- Net cash used in operating activities $(69) $(70) Timing of Medicare+Choice premium payment from HCFA (6) (19) Workers' compensation run-out claims reduction -- 30 Pro forma net cash used in operating activities $(75) $(59) Humana Inc. In thousands March 31, Difference Percent Ending Medical Membership 2001 2000 Change Commercial: Fully insured 2,387.9 2,977.5 (589.6) (19.8) ASO 547.2 657.0 (109.8) (16.7) Medicare supplement -- 40.8 (40.8) (100.0) Total Commercial 2,935.1 3,675.3 (740.2) (20.1) Government: Medicare+Choice 428.1 518.0 (89.9) (17.4) Medicaid 493.2 656.6 (163.4) (24.9) TRICARE 1,070.9 1,060.0 10.9 1.0 Total Government 1,992.2 2,234.6 (242.4) (10.8) Total ending medical membership 4,927.3 5,909.9 (982.6) (16.6) March 31, Percent Ending Specialty Membership 2001 2000 Difference Change Commercial: Dental 1,626.1 1,699.7 (73.6) (4.3) Group Life 610.3 777.5 (167.2) (21.5) Short-term Disability 30.2 43.1 (12.9) (29.9) Workers' Compensation -- 459.8 (459.8) (100.0) Total ending specialty membership 2,266.6 2,980.1 (713.5) (23.9) Three months ended March 31, Average Medical Membership 2001 2000 Commercial: Fully insured 2,411.7 2,990.9 ASO 550.2 650.4 Medicare supplement -- 42.1 Total Commercial 2,961.9 3,683.4 Government: Medicare+Choice 431.2 504.5 Medicaid 520.9 645.6 TRICARE 1,070.7 1,059.3 Total Government 2,022.8 2,209.4 Total average medical membership 4,984.7 5,892.8 MAKE YOUR OPINION COUNT - Click Here http://tbutton.prnewswire.com/prn/11690X53216309
SOURCE Humana Inc.